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Products: Hazelnuts, Walnuts
Subject: Food Technology

Rheological Characteristics of Wheat Dough Containing Powdered Hazelnuts or Walnuts Oil Cakes

Authors: Pycia, K., & Juszczak, L.
  • Journals: Foods.
  • Pages: 140
  • Volume: 13(1)
  • Year: 2024
This study assessed edible oil industry byproducts, oil cakes (OC) based on hazelnuts and walnuts (HOC, WOC), to replace wheat flour dough (WD) based on farinograph and extensograph parameters and rheological measurements. The research hypothesis of this work is that replacing part of wheat flour with ground nut oil cakes modifies the rheological characteristics of the dough. WF was replaced at the level of 5%, 10% and 15%. It was shown that use of OC in flour mixtures at various levels significantly influenced the rheological properties of the dough. The water absorption of wheat flour and oil cake mixtures was higher than that of the control sample, and the average value of this indicator was 53.4%. The control sample had the lowest dough development time (DDT), and the presence of HOC or WOC in the system resulted in a significant increase in this parameter (p < 0.05). The average DDT of WDHOC cakes was 4.7 min and was lower compared to WDWOC which was 5.9 min. The WDWOC10% and WDWOC15% samples were characterized by the highest dough stability value and the lowest degree of softening (p < 0.05). The presence of OC in the flour mixtures increased the values of the storage and loss moduli, which was reflected in the K′ and K″ values. The values of these parameters also increased as the level of OC addition increased. WDHOC doughs were characterized by higher values of the K′ and K″ parameters compared to WDWOC. The results of the creep and recovery test showed that the dough with the addition of nut OC was less susceptible to deformation compared to the control dough (p < 0.05). The resistance to deformation increased with the increasing share of HOC or WOC in the mixtures. The average value of viscoelastic compliance (J1) of this parameter for WDHOC dough was on average 1.8 × 10−4 Pa−1, and for WDWOC 2.0 × 10−4 Pa−1. Nut oil cakes are an interesting technological addition to the dough. Their use may have a positive impact on the characteristics of the finished product and expand their application possibilities in the food industry. This is because the dough with the addition of nut cakes was more stiff and less flexible and susceptible to deformation.