The study included data from 451,025 individuals

In a recent study published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine, researchers conducted a two-sample Mendelian randomization study to investigate the causal relationship between dietary intake and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a chronic progressive interstitial lung disease of unknown cause.

Data on the intake of various types of food were taken from the UK Biobank, while data on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis came from the EBI database of 451,025 individuals.

Dried fruit intake was found to be associated with a reduced risk of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (odds ratio = 0.995). The researchers inferred that this effect could be due to the antioxidant properties of dried fruit. These findings suggest that the consumption of dried fruit could have a preventive effect on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Zhang, Y., Gan, Y., & Zhang, H. (2023). Dietary intake and incidence risk of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a Mendelian randomization study. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 23(1), 376.

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