Eating nuts was associated with a 18% to 22% decrease in all-cause mortality risk

In a new study published in the Journal of Nutrition, researchers set out to investigate the associations of nut consumption with all-cause mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes.

This prospective cohort study included a total of 5,090 US-based participants with type 2 diabetes from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2014), which was designed to assess the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Statistical analysis showed that higher nut consumption was significantly associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality. Compared with participants who did not consume nuts, the hazard ratio (95% CI) for those who consumed nuts instead of a 3.5-ounce equivalent per week was 0.64 for all-cause mortality. Furthermore, replacing one serving of red and processed meat, refined grains, eggs and dairy foods with one serving of nuts was linked to a 18% to 22% lower risk of all-cause mortality.

The researchers concluded that higher nut consumption was significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality among individuals with type 2 diabetes. The findings suggest that nut consumption has a potential role to play in the prevention of premature death in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Zhang, X., Ou, Y., Li, L., Wan, Z., Lu, Q., Geng, T., Liu, Y., Qiu, Z., Zhu, K., Yang, K., Pan, A., & Liu, G. (2023). Associations of Nut Consumption with All-Cause Mortality among Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. The Journal of Nutrition, S0022-3166(23)72528-5. Advance online publication.

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